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Agriculture: Eurostat: Romania has had 15.3 % grain maize production in 2015

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The area used for agriculture in the EU covered nearly 180 million hectares in 2015. The largest part (60 %) consisted of arable land. On this arable land, around half was occupied by cereals, the main crop grown in the EU.

The harvested cereal production in the EU amounted to nearly 317 million tonnes, of which common wheat and spelt (48 % of total EU cereal production) was the most significant, followed by barley (19 %), grain maize and corn-cob-mix (19 %), other cereals (mostly triticale, rye and oats) (13 %) and rice (1 %). France (23 % of total EU cereal production), Germany (15 %) and Poland (9 %) together accounted for almost half of total EU cereal production.

France and Germany were the largest producers of wheat and barley and together accounted for 44 % of total wheat and spelt production and 40 % of total barley production in the EU. Other major producers of barley were Spain and the United Kingdom (each 12 %). France was also the largest grain maize producer, accounting for 23 % of total grain maize production in the EU.

France (22.9 %), Germany (15.4 %) and Poland (8.8%) produced almost half of total EU-28 cereal production. Unsurprisingly, France and Germany were also the largest producers of wheat and barley. Together they accounted for nearly half (44.3 %) of total EU-28 wheat and spelt production and 39.8 % of total barley production. Other major producers of barley were Spain (10.8 %) and the United Kingdom (11.9 %). France was also the largest grain maize producer, accounting for 23.3 % of total grain maize production in the EU-28. Together with Romania (15.3 %), Italy (12.0 %) and Hungary (11.3 %), these four Member States covered 61.8 % of the total EU-28 grain maize production in 2015.

Only eight countries produced rice in the European Union due to challenging growing conditions and climatic prerequisites. Almost half (49.8 %) of total EU rice production in 2015 was reported by Italy, followed by Spain with 28.8 %.

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