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Germany, France and Italy, first in the top of enterprise groups in Romania in 2017

Germany, France and Italy occupy the first three places in the top of the countries that control enterprise groups in Romania.

In Romania, in 2017, 80905* enterprise groups were identified, out of which 4910 all-resident enterprise groups and 75995 multinational enterprise groups (293 domestically controlled and 75702 foreign-controlled, respectively).

In 2017, 4190 of the total enterprise groups identified at national level were all-resident, namely more than 6% of the total groups, over 95% of them being made up of two or three legal units.

Most of the enterprise groups in Romania operate in trade

In 2017, the distribution of the enterprise groups in Romania by economic activity, at CANE Rev. 2 section level, shows that most of them operate in:

  • section G – Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles – 35% of the total enterprise groups;

  • - section F – Construction – 11% of the total enterprise groups;

  • - section C – Manufacturing – 11% of the total enterprise groups;

  • - section M – Professional, scientific and technical activities – 9% of the total enterprise groups;

  • - section L – Real estate activities – 8% of the total enterprise groups.

The all-resident enterprise groups predominantly operate in the following fields:

  • - section G – Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles – 21%;

  • - section C – Manufacturing – 12%;

  • - section M – Professional, scientific and technical activities – 12%;

  • - section F – Construction – 11%.

According to the share of the number of employees, most of the enterprise subgroups in Romania are controlled from Germany, France and Italy.

In 2017, out of the total foreign-controlled multinational enterprise groups identified in Romania, 13195 are groups controlled by foreign legal persons and 62507 are groups controlled by foreign natural persons.

The results of 2017 indicate that, according to the share of the number of employees, the first place is held by the enterprise subgroups controlled by legal or natural persons from Germany (16.9%), the second place is held by those controlled from France (11.7%) and the third place by those controlled from Italy (9.5%).

According to the share of the number of employees in total foreign-controlled multinational enterprise groups, the enterprise subgroups controlled from Germany predominantly operate in section C – Manufacturing (10.0%), in section M – Professional, scientific and technical activities (2.4%) and in section G – Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (2.3%).

As regards the enterprise subgroups controlled from France, 5.7% are found in section C – Manufacturing and 2.1% in section G – Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles.

The enterprise subgroups controlled from Italy predominantly operate in section C – Manufacturing (6.1%).

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