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Refurbishment of Fagaras Citadel kicks off

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The works to refurbish the Citadel of Fagaras, in central Romania’s Brasov county, have started, the Fagaras City Hall announced.

The investment in the refurbishment works amounts to more than RON 29 million (EUR 5.9 million), with the value of the non-refundable financing of RON 21.3 million (EUR 4.3 million). Troia Premium Construct and Pro Construct will carry out the works, which need to be finished in two years.

The works include the building of two bridges over the citadel’s moat, one of them partially mobile. Alleys for pedestrians and walking and rest areas will also be set up. The defense walls will be refurbished as will be the bastion facing the cathedral, where an exhibition dedicated to the guard of the citadel will be set up. The fountain inside the citadel’s inner court will also be rebuilt, among other repair works on the castle.

The process to refurbish the citadel started in 2016 when the financing request was filed. The financing contract was signed in mid-2017.

The Citadel of Fagaras received 75,000 visitors in 2015 and 157,000 in 2019.

The citadel hosts the Valer Literat Museum of the Fagaras Land, which has a collection covering the history of the area and the local guilds.

The citadel was first built in the 14th century, and various additions and alterations followed until the 17th century, the last modifications being made in the 18th century according to the techniques of the famous Marshal Vauban, famous for the innovations brought in the field of fortification construction. Introduced in Transylvania in the 18th century, the Vauban system was applied to the construction of new fortresses in Alba Iulia (Alba Carolina Fortress), Timisoara (Timisoara Fortress - the largest fortress in the Habsburg Empire after Budapest and Vienna), Oradea, Arad and Fagaras, all dating from the 18th century. In time, it served as a prison, barracks, and as the headquarters of the episcopate of the Romanian Church United with Rome. It was the residence of the Transylvania princes and an administrative center of the medieval Fagaras area.

The fortress’ history is also linked to prince Mihai Viteazul, who realized the first unification of the Romanian provinces. He gifted the fortress and its land to his wife, Doamna Stanca, and his family had a residence there. Princes Gabriel Bethlen and Gheorghe Rackozi I also made important works to the fortress. And it was also here that Zsuzsanna Lorántffy, the wife of Rackozi I, established a Romanian-language school in 1657.

Closer to our time, the fortress was a political prison for the opponents of the communist regime, up until 1960. The Fagaras Mountains were a hiding place for the anticommunist resistance during the 1950s.



 

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