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Romanian Academy member, mathematician Solomon Marcus died, aged 91


Romanian Academy member, mathematician Solomon Marcus died on Thursday morning at the C.C. Iliescu Institute in Bucharest, Institute manager Serban Bubenek confirmed.

Mathematician Solomon Marcus was born in Bacau on March 1, 1925. 

He graduated from the Faculty of Mathematics of the University of Bucharest and conducted research in the fields of mathematical analysis, mathematical linguistics, theoretical computer science, mathematic poetics, semiotics, the history and philosophy of science. Throughout his career that spanned over five decades, Marcus published numerous inter-disciplinary studies, books analyzing the use of mathematics in linguistic studies, theater analysis, natural and social science. 

Solomon Marcus published over 50 books which were translated in several languages as well as about 400 articles in scientific journals. Due to his contribution to the field, he is regarded as one of the founders of the disciplines of mathematic linguistics and poetics. 

Solomon Marcus became corresponding member of the Romanian Academy on April 21, 1993 and was named a full member on December 21, 2001.

Solomon Marcus was an exceptional personality, the paragon of a savant and the consciousness of his times, the Romanian Academy said Thursday, at the death of academician Solomon Marcus.

''The Romanian Academy is deeply saddened to inform about the passing of academician Solomon Marcus, a well-reputed scientists with a solid international career developed along more than 65 years. (...) The Romanian Academy is suffering today a great loss. It is a great loss to the Romanian science, culture and society,'' the Romanian Academy said in a press statement on Thursday.

It says that Solomon Marcus was an exceptional personality, the paragon of a savant and the consciousness of his times, sensible to the grave problems of the society, in which he got involved delicately, carefully and discerningly.

''His voice was always heard with dignity in the academic milieu, under the cupola of the Romanian Academy, in the academe, as well as in the public space, the media and public bodies. In all that he did, Solomon Marcus was a true free and innovative spirit, a Humanist in the full meaning of the word, with a unique capacity to express himself with aplomb and responsibility in the world of ideas and the space of pragmatism. Equally respected and loved by the member of the Romanian Academy, collaborators from abroad, university colleagues, disciples, students and especially children, Solomon Marcus respected and loved all of them in his turn,'' the statement says.

Solomon Marcus is said to have equally excelled in classical fields of science as well as new fields, being one of the world's illustrious representatives of transdisciplinarity. His research was grounded in mathematical analysis, mathematical linguistics, theoretical computer science, mathematical poetry, semiotics, science history and philosophy, mathematical models of natural sciences and social and human sciences.

The Romanian Academy says the results of Solomon Marcus' mathematical analysis and quantity analysis research early in his career continue to be still valid and quoted in scientific papers all around the world, 40-50 years after their initial publication.

Solomon Marcus is also acknowledged as a pioneer of mathematical linguistics, and his models for linguistic categories, such as phonemes, grammar case and gender, morphological homonymy, syntax projectivity, distinctions between scientific and poetic languages and strategy of drama charters caught the attention of hundreds of linguists, mathematicians, computer scientists, semioticians, philosophers and literary theoreticians.

He is mentioned in the world's prestigious encyclopaedias, including Brockhaus, the Italian Encyclopaedia, Encyclopaedia Universalis, as well as specialist encyclopaedias of mathematics, computer science, cybernetics, linguistics, semiotics and literature, according to the Romanian Academy.

''In the field of education, he advocated new curricula and new relationships between teachers and pupils, teachers and students as well as for a new kind of school textbooks in which the emphasis to switch from interrogative to dubitative by introducing critical spirit and ludic elements in learning. He was also an advocate of culture underpinned by balance and interaction between sciences and arts, between 'hard' sciences and social and human sciences,'' says the Romanian Academy.