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Rosia Montana on World Heritage List


 The listing of the Rosia Montana mining cultural landscape as UNESCO World Heritage site is an achievement and at the same time the beginning of a journey, the National Heritage Institute (INP) states.

"The exceptional universal value of the Rosia Montana mining cultural landscape - the most important, extensive and technically diverse underground mining complex of Roman antiquity, together with the ore exploitation areas, the residential areas, sacred areas, and necropolises - was thus recognized on the basis of the criteria defined by the World Heritage Convention. An idea that has grown and endured in the last two decades - thanks to the national and international scientific community, expert institutions, the local community and the civil society gathered around it and brought by Romania to UNESCO's attention - receives top validation today, as our country celebrates 65 years since joining the UNESCO Convention," INP wrote on Facebook.

The INP mentions that the site has also been added to the List of World Heritage in Danger, "thus having both its vulnerability and the need for urgent protection measures recognized."

"In this regard, international cooperation is encouraged and it is recommendable to invite to Rosia Montana a technical reactive monitoring mission to determine the optimal state of conservation and a program of measures to ensure the site's removal from the List of World Heritage in Danger. The way for international cooperation thus opens to safeguard a unique cultural resource by capitalizing on its economic potential in connection with the development of cultural and environmental tourism, which accompany the status of world heritage site. (...) It is an achievement and at the same time a beginning of a journey for Romania and all those who understand that the future belongs to solidarity and sustainable development, who do not sacrifice history, knowledge, the spirit of a place, or the perspectives of future generations," the cited source states.

The Rosia Montana mining cultural landscape was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List on Tuesday, by consensual decision of the World Heritage Committee at its 44th extended session taking place in Fouzhou, China, from July 16 to 31.


 Minister of the Environment, Waters and Forestry Tanczos Barna says the inclusion of the Rosia Montana Mining Landscape on the World Heritage List represents an opportunity for the development of tourism in the area.

"It is a recognition of the cultural value that we have; it is a global recognition, it will generate a special global interest for these cultural values, and I hope that it will be a new resource, a new beginning for this area, where (.. .) this cultural value can be capitalised on through tourism, through activities that will produce money in the area," Barna said on Tuesday on a working visit to Alba County.

He added that the dissatisfied should view this decision as a chance for the locals.

"The presentation of the 'Rosia Montana' file was taken up at the governmental level, in the coalition, and we also have the result; it is a positive outcome and we go further with it. (...) To those who are dissatisfied, probably for reasons of economic activity and securing daily living in this region, I tell that this is a new resource that must be used rationally and efficiently, so that we can turn this global recognition of the Roman galleries there into an advantage," added Barna.


The president of the chamber of deputies, Ludovic Orban, welcomed the inclusion of the Rosia Montana Mining Landscape on the World Heritage List and pointed out that there must be a development strategy for the area.

"I am glad that the process that started under a PNL government last year to resubmit the file to UNESCO ended with a favourable decision. (...) From my point of view, I do not think that a direct link can be found between the inclusion Rosia Montana with the UNESCO heritage and mining. (...) What interests us at governmental level, and we have discussed that in the coalition, there must be a Rosia Montana development strategy, given that with the inclusion with the UNESCO heritage must build some pillars that will truly allow economic life and development in Rosia Montana. (...) On the one hand, the area needs to be preserved, and, on the other hand, a development plan is needed for the locals who need jobs, an activity that will allow them to live decently," Orban said at the House of Parliament at the end of a meeting of the ruling coalition.