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Statistics: Social protection expenditure at 15 pct of GDP in 2018


In 2018:

  • the receipts of social protection amounted to 144982 million lei, 11.1% more compared to the previous year. The share in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP – semi-final data) was 15.2%, same percentage as in previous year;

  • the expenditures with the social protection (the administrative costs of the social protection schemes included) amounted to 142906 million lei, i.e. an increase of 12.7% compared to the previous year. The share of this category of expenditures in the GDP was 15.0%, a increase of 0.2 pp compared to 2017;

  • the expenditures with the social benefits (the administrative costs and other expenditures excluded) were 14.7% of the GDP, 0.2 pp increase compared to 2017. As in previous years (2008-2017), the social protection was mainly oriented to cover the risks of old age and of sickness or health care, i.e. 49.0% and 28.9% of the total expenditures with the social benefits.

Welfare incomes increased by 11.1 percent in 2018 to 144.982 billion lei, and Romania's social protection expenditures, including the administrative costs of social protection schemes, increased by 12.7 percent to 142.906 billion lei, shows data released on Tuesday by the National Institute of Statistics (INS).

Welfare incomes accounted for 15.2 percent of GDP in 2018 (semi-final data for GDP), the same percentage as in the previous year. The GDP share of social protection expenditures was 15 percent, by 0.2 percentage points higher compared to 2017.

Expenditure on social benefits, excluding administrative costs and other expenses, accounted for 14.7 percent of GDP, up 0.2 percentage points compared to 2017.

According to the INS, just like in previous years (2008 - 2017), social protection was mainly directed towards covering old age and illness risks, as well as health care, involving 49 percent and 28.9 percent, respectively, of total expenditures on social benefits.