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The election campaign starts on Friday, October 3

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Over 18 million Romanians are expected at the ballot boxes in November to elect their president from the 14 candidates registered in the electoral competition, an synthesis made by Agerpres is saying.

*** The candidates 
Victor Ponta (the Social Democratic Party (PSD) - the National Union for Romania's Progress (UNPR) - the Conservative Party (PC)), Klaus Iohannis (the Christian Liberal Alliance (ACL)), Elena Udrea (the People's Movement Party (PMP)), Kelemen Hunor (the Hungarian Democratic Union of Romania (UDMR)), Dan Diaconescu (Dan Diaconescu - People's Party (PP-DD)), Constantin Rotaru (Socialist Alliance Party (PAS)), Corneliu Vadim Tudor (Greater Romania Party (PRM)), William Branza (Romanian Ecologist Party (PER)), Mirel Mircea Amaritei (Prodemo) and Szilagyi Zsolt (the Hungarian People's Party of Transylvania PPMT)) filed their candidacy in the presidential elections. 

There are also four independent candidates to the office of head of state - Teodor Melescanu, Calin-Popescu Tariceanu, Monica Macovei and Gheorghe Funar. 

All 14 candidacies were approved by the Central Electoral Bureau (BEC) on September 24 and remained final on September 28. Moreover, all complaints filed against the candidates were rejected by the Constitutional Court. 

The first candidate on the paper ballot will be Kelemen Humor (UDMR), according to the draw conducted by BEC. Following next, in order, are Klaus Iohannis (the National Liberal Party (PNL)), Dan Diaconescu (PP-DD), Victor Ponta (PSD-UNPR-PC), William Branza (the Romanian Ecologist Party), Elena Udrea (PMP), Mirel Mircea Amaritei (Prodemo), Teodor Melescanu - independent, Gheorghe Funar - independent, Szilagy Zsolt (PPMT), Monica Macovei - independent, Constantin Rotaru (the Socialist Alliance Party), Calin Popescu-Tariceanu - independent, Corneliu Vadim Tudor (PRM). 

*** The election campaign 

The election campaign starts on Friday, October 3, and concludes on November 1, at 7,00 hours. 

All candidates will be allotted, free of charge, equal time slots on the national radio and television. 

In the election campaign, the candidates have the right to voice their opinions freely and without any discrimination through meetings, assemblies, marches, as well as through the mass-media. 

The introduction of the election advertisements in other shows than the electoral ones is forbidden. 

The election campaign actions are also forbidden within the military units, the education units and the headquarters of the diplomatic representative offices. 

*** 18,313,698 citizens with elective franchise are expected to the ballot boxes in the first round of elections 

A number of 18,313,698 Romanian citizens have elective franchise in the first round of the presidential election on November 2 and 18,321,512, on November 16, in the second round, according to the latest data supplied by the Permanent Electoral Authority. 

A number of 1,245 polling stations will be set up in Bucharest for the presidential election, according to the Central Electoral Bureau (BEC) website. 

In the 1st district of the capital there will be set up a number of 162 polling stations, 202 in the 2nd strict, 274 in the 3rd district, 178 in the 4th district, 196 in the 5th district and 233 polling stations will be made available for electors in the 6th district of Bucharest. 

The Romanian Foreign Affairs Ministry (MAE) announced that a number of 294 polling stations would be set up for the Romanian citizens abroad who want to exercise their elective franchise. The estimated number of paper ballots necessary for the polling stations abroad stands at 600,000. 

On the day of voting, the Romanians who are in Romania can exercise their elective franchise based on their identity card, electronic identity card, provisional identity card, identity licence, the diplomatic passport, the electronic diplomatic passport, the official passport, the electronic official passport or based on their military official card - in the case of the military schools students. 

Those who are abroad and in states that allow the access on their territory based on the identity card on election day can present at the ballot boxes the diplomatic passport, the electronic diplomatic passport, the official passport, the electronic official passport, the simple passport, the electronic simple passport, the temporary simple passport, the travel document, the identity card or the electronic identity card. 

The Romanian citizens with their residence abroad who are in Romania on voting day can exercise their elective franchise at the polling stations organised in Romania based on the simple passport which mentions the residence country (CRDS - Romanian Citizen with the Residence Abroad), the electronic simple passport which mentions the residence country (CRDS). Moreover, the Romanians with the residence abroad who are abroad on the voting day can exercise their elective franchise at the polling stations set up abroad also based on the travel document. 

*** Voting through the special ballot box 

The persons held in custody based on a preventive arrest warrant or the persons who serve an imprisonment sentence, but who have not lost their elective franchise, vote through the special ballot box. 

The directors of penitentiaries and of the confinement places have the duty to inform, in advance, the persons held in custody based on a preventive arrest warrant or who are serving their time in sentence, but didn't lose their elective franchise, that they can vote through the special ballot box. 

The requests for voting through the special ballot box must be written and filed with the directors of penitentiaries or confinement places two days before the voting day at the latest. 

If more than 400 persons held in custody request to exercise their elective franchise through the special ballot box, the requests in this respect can be filed the day before the voting until 20,00 at the latest, in several polling stations of the locality where the penitentiary is. 

On the day of voting, the director of the penitentiary or of the confinement places allows the access of the team of the electoral bureau of the polling station that goes with the special ballot box and with a stamp bearing the inscription 'VOTED,' paper ballots and sticker stamps necessary for voting, in the place especially set up for voting, which must benefit from minimum facilities to ensure the secret of the voting. 

The persons held in custody based on a preventive arrest warrant or the persons who serve an imprisonment sentence can only vote based on a valid identity card or document. In this respect, the director of the penitentiary or of the confinement place, according to the case, releases on a temporary basis, only for exercising the elective franchise, the valid identity card or document within the individual file. 

At the same time, the persons who are on house arrest vote through the special ballot box in the conditions in which they file a request in this respect with the electoral bureau of the polling station where they are assigned according to their residence. The request must be filed on the day before the voting, at 20,00 hours, at the latest. 

*** Non-transportable persons also vote through the special ballot box 

For the non-transportable electors for medical or infirmity reasons of Romania, the president of the electoral bureau of the polling stations can approve, at their written request, filed the day before the voting at the latest, accompanied by copies of some medical documents or official documents proving that the persons in question are non-transportable, that a team made up of at least two members of the electoral bureau should go with a special ballot box and with the necessary material for voting - the stamp with the inscription 'VOTED,' paper ballots and sticker stamps. 

A single special ballot box is used in the area of one polling station. The special ballot box can be transported only by the members of the electoral bureau of the polling stations. The special ballot box can only be transported in the area assigned to the polling station in question. The special ballot box is used only in the polling stations of Romania. The polling stations abroad will not have or use special ballot boxes. 

*** The situations in which the vote is considered null, valid 

The paper ballots will be declared null if they do not have the control stamp of the polling station, if the paper ballots are of a different model than the legally approved one, if the paper ballots do not have imprinted the "VOTED" stamp, if the paper ballots have the 'VOTED' stamp imprinted on several squares or outside of them. 

The vote is declared valid in the case in which although the 'VOTED' stamp transgressed the limits of the square, but the elector's option is obvious, in the case in which the ink is also stamped on the other side of the page where the stamp with the 'VOTED' inscription was imprinted, as well as in the situation in which the stamp was imprinted several times in the same square or both in a square and outside any other square; erasures or writings on the paper ballots does not draw their becoming null; the null paper ballots are not taken into account in the calculation of the valid votes. 

*** Public opinion briefing on voters' turnout 

The hours when the information on the voter's turnout is made available and released are 11,30, 14,30, 17,30, 20,30 and 22,30. The hours by which the polling stations are to send information to BEC are 10,00, 13,00, 16,00, 19,00 and 21,00. The methodology for data collection and public opinion briefing on the voters' turnover for the polling stations abroad will be established separately. 

*** AEP verifies the electoral rolls 

The Permanent Electoral Authority (AEP), at the notification of the political parties, made in maximum 15 days from the validation date of the election result and accompanied by evidence, verifies the electoral rolls the notification refers to, in order to discover the cases in which a person voted without elective franchise or voted several times in the same election round.

 

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