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Vital statistics in April 2021, in the framework of the health crisis

? In April 2021, the number of recorded births decreased compared to April 2020 and compared to the previous month (March 2021).

? The number of deaths increased in April 2021 compared to the same month of the previous year but decreased compared to March 2021.

? The number of deaths caused by diseases of the respiratory system in April 2021 was 3.5 times higher than the one recorded in April 2020.

? In April 2021, the number of recorded marriages and divorces dropped compared to March 2021 but rose more than three times compared to April 2020.

 

April 2021 compared to March 2021

 

Birth rate, death rate and natural increase

 

The births of 12664 children were recorded in April 2021, 942 less than in March 2021. The number of deaths recorded in April 2021 was 29518 (15573 men and 13495 women), 381 deaths (247 men and 134 women) less than in March 2021. The number of deaths of children under 1 year recorded in April 2021 was 82, 9 deaths less than in March 2021.

 

The comparison with the previous month is influenced by the fact that the statistical recordings of vital events experience a time gap from month to month, due to the fact that there are vital events which occur in the last 4-5 days of the current month and which are mainly recorded in the following month.

 

It should also be noted that the death rate has a seasonal evolution, with higher values in the winter months, while the lowest values belong to the months of July, August and September.

 

As shown by the data series in the graph below, the number of deaths in 2020 increased significantly in October, November and December compared to the same months of 2019, and in January and February 2021 there was a downward trend in the number of deaths compared to the last months of 2020, with their number still being greater than the one recorded in the same months of the previous year. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, in March 2021, the third highest increase in the number of deaths was reported, after the increases in November and December 2020. A high number of deaths was also recorded in April 2021.

 

In April 2021, two thirds of the total number of deaths were recorded for the persons aged at least 70 (11886 deaths, accounting for 40.3% of the total, were recorded for the age group of 80 years and over; 7822 deaths, accounting for 26.5%, were for persons aged 70-79) and 5762 deaths (19.5%) were for persons aged 60-69. Naturally, by contrast, the fewest deaths were recorded for the age groups of 5-19 years (66 deaths), 20-29 years (99 deaths) and 0-4 years (100 deaths).

 

If we consider the main causes of death, just like in March 2021, in April 2021 the greatest number of persons died of diseases of the circulatory system (14885 persons, accounting for 50.4% of the deaths recorded in April 2021), diseases of the respiratory system (7178 persons, accounting for 24.3%) and neoplasms (3709 persons, accounting for 12.6% of the deaths recorded in April 2021).

 

The natural increase remained negative in April 2021 (-16854); the number of deaths was 2.3 times higher than that of live births.

 

Marriage rate and divorce rate

 

4443 marriages were recorded at Register Offices in April 2021, 978 less than in March 2021. 2421 divorces were formally pronounced by final court decree and in accordance with Law No 202/2010 in April 2021, 281 less than in March 2021.

 

April 2021 compared to April 2020

 

Birth rate, death rate and natural increase

 

The number of live births recorded in April 2021 was smaller by 1756 compared to the same month of 2020. The negative natural increase was 2.3 times higher in April 2021 than in April 2020 (-16854 persons in April 2021, compared to -7479 persons in April 2020). The number of persons who died in April 2021 was greater by 7619 than in April 2020.

 

Based on the three main causes of death, 2341 more deaths due to diseases of the circulatory system were recorded in April 2021 than in April 2020, the number of deaths due to diseases of the respiratory system was 3.5 times higher (7178 deaths in April 2021, compared to 2054 deaths recorded in the same month of the previous year), and 219 less deaths due to neoplasms were reported.

 

Since October 2020, the diseases of the respiratory system have become the second cause of death, and neoplasms have moved to third place in the ranking of the main causes of death. The number of children under 1 year who died was smaller by 9 in April 2021 than the one recorded in April 2020.

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