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Healthcare: 3.59% people with disabilities in Romania in 2017

There were 797,104 people with disabilities representing 3.59% of Romania’s population at the end of 2017, according to data centralised by the National Authority for People with disabilities (ANPD).

779,066 people of overall people with disabilities (97.74%) were cared for by families and/or lived independently and 18,038 (2.26%) were in residential social assistance public institutions for adult persons with disabilities coordinated by the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice.

In counties/municipalities the highest number of persons with disabilities was recorded in Bucharest (62,957, followed by Prahova (37,140), while the lowest number was recorded in Covasna county (6,025).

Women represented 53.02% of total number of people with disabilities at the end of 2017. People aged over 50 represented 70.21% of total adult persons with disabilities. 56.24% are people aged between 18 and 64 (413,129 people) and 43.76% were aged over 65 (321,444 people).

People with serious handicap represented 38.13% of total (compared to 36.81% at the end of 2016), those with accentuated handicap 50.62% (compared to 51.71% in 2016), and those with medium and light handicap 11.24% (against 11.49% in 2016).

The number of public institutions of social assistance for adult persons with disabilities was 475 at the end of 2017 (compared to 448 in 2016), of whom: 417 residential (against 388 in 2016) and 58 non residential (against 60 in 2016).

About two thirds  (58.75%) of public residential institutions for adult persons with disabilities are care and assistance centres (28.30%) with 6535 beneficiaries and protected houses (30.46%), with 907 beneficiaries. They represent 41.26% of total number of 18,038 people in residential institutions.

A significant number of beneficiaries were in 74 centres of neuropsychic rehabilitation - 6,367 persons (35.30%).

According to law 448/2006 on the protection and promotion of rights for people with disabilities, the types of handicap are physical, visual, auditive, deaf and blind, somatic, mental, psychic, HIV/AIDS, associated, rare diseases.