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SCHOOL POPULATION WAS OF 3,526.2 THOUSAND PERSONS IN THE 2019-2020 SCHOOL/ACADEMIC YEAR

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  • School population within the national education system was 3,526.2 thou pupils and students1 in the school/academic year 2019-2020, decreasing with 21.1 thou as against the previous school/academic year, mainly determined by the decrease registered in primary and lowersecondary education (-11.5 thou pupils).

  • School population increased as against the previous school/academic year in vocational education (+11.4%), tertiary education (+1.8%), early childhood and pre-school education (+0.3%),respectively post-secondary non-tertiary and foremen education (+0.1%).

  • The 2018-2019 school/academic year’s graduates counted for 503.1 thou pupils and students, recording a slight increase (+0.3%) as against the previous school/academic year.

Persons enrolled in the 2019-2020 school/academic year

Almost half of the school population was registered in the primary and lower-secondary education (46.0%) during the 2019-2020 school/academic year, and about one third in the upper secondary, early childhood, respectively pre-school education (17.5%, respectively 15.6%), according to data with the National Statistics Institute (INS) released on Friday..

Of the total school population within to the national education system, 49.9% were male pupils1and students and 72.6% studied in urban areas.

As against the previous school/academic year, vocational education, tertiary education, early childhood and pre-school education, and postsecondary non-tertiary and foremen education were the levels registering increases in the school population (+10.3 thou pupils, +9.6 thou students, +1.4 thou children, respectively +0.1 thou pupils).

Post-secondary non-tertiary and foremen education recorded 92.5 thou pupils enrolled; thus becoming the least representative educational level in total school population (2.6%).

Primary and lower-secondary education, as well as upper secondary education experienced the sharp decline in the number of pupils enrolled in the 2019-2020 school year, as compared to the previous one (-31.0 thou, respectively -11.5 thou).

Most of the school population (94.9%) was enrolled in public school units and only 5.1% in private education units.

By education level, the lowest share of pupils/students1 enrolled in public education institutions were recorded in tertiary education (87.6%), and in post-secondary non-tertiary and foremen education (53.3%).

School-aged population enrolment rate in the 2019-2020 school/academic year

Enrolment rate of pupils in the age group 11-14 recorded the highest level (89.4%), as compared to that in the remaining age groups.

In the 2019-2020 academic year, 543.3 thou students were enrolled in tertiary education, of which 54.6% were females. The most attractive fields of study (as per the ISCED-F classification) in tertiary education were business, administration and law (24.1% of total number of students), respectively engineering, processing and construction (20.4% of total students).

The education units’ network functioning in the 2019-2020 school/academic year mainly pertained to the primary and lower-secondary level (57.0%), upper secondary level (21.0%), respectively early childhood and pre-school education level (17.2%). At territorial level, school population in the 2019-2020 school/academic year registered the highest values in the North-East region (607.7 thou persons), respectively in Bucharest-Ilfov region (516.8 thou persons).

School population distribution by development regions and education levels in total of each region shows that the highest share for primary and lower-secondary education recorded in South-Muntenia (53.5%).

By contrast, post-secondary non-tertiary and foremen education registered the lowest shares in Bucharest-Ilfov, North-East and Centre regions (2.0% each). Share of tertiary education students in the total of each region registered the highest values in Bucharest-Ilfov (33.9%).

Teaching personnel in the 2019-2020 school/academic year

Teaching personnel within the national education system counted 234.8 thou persons in the 2019-2020 school/academic year. Thus, the average ratio between school population and the number of teachers was 15 pupils/students 2 per teacher.

The female teachers hold a majority share both for the entire educational system (78.2%) and each education level: early childhood and pre-school education (99.7%), primary and lowersecondary (80.7%), post-secondary non-tertiary and foremen (77.1%), upper secondary (72.0%) and vocational (66.9%).

Graduates of the 2018-2019 school/academic year The 2018-2019 school/academic year’s graduates in lower secondary, upper secondary, post-secondary non-tertiary and foremen education and tertiary (Bachelor, Ma, doctor degree) education levels, respectively, counted for 503.1 thou pupils and students. The majority of graduates were females (263.7 thou), representing 52.4% of the total graduates. Out of the total graduates, they completed 82.0% in urban3 areas and 18.0% in rural3 areas.

At the end of the 2018-2019 school year, 176.6 thou pupils graduated the lower-secondary education level, most of them graduating from school units in the North-East region (19.6%). Boys’ share (51.4%) slightly outruns that of girls, by 2.8 percentage points. Lower-secondary graduates in urban areas represent 56.5% of total number of graduates at this level; however, at territorial level, greater shares of graduates from education units in rural areas were recorded in North-East and SouthMuntenia regions (57.1%, respectively 55.0%).

At the end of the 2018-2019 school year, 149.2 thou pupils graduated upper secondary education, showing a 0.4% increase as against the previous school year. Most of the upper secondary education graduates (88.6%) attended full-time education classes.

Data on upper secondary graduates outline that about half of pupils attended the theoretical pathway classes (52.2% of total number of graduates), 39.5% attended technological pathway classes, and 8.3% of total graduates were studying in vocational high schools.

The graduates who have taken the Baccalaureate exams counted for 137.2 thou, of which 120.5 thou have graduated the 2019 class (87.8%). Overall, 98.7 thou persons passed the Baccalaureate exams (72.0%). Of the total 2019 class graduates, 93.4 thou persons (77.5%) passed the Baccalaureate examination.

Vocational education was graduated by 23.1 thou pupils, of which 97.0% were enrolled in public education school units, and only 3.0% attended the private vocational education institutions classes. Post-secondary non-tertiary and foremen education was graduated by 29.4 thou pupils, of which 62.7% were enrolled in public education units, and over one third (37.3%) participated in private education institutions classes.

Tertiary education degree graduates counted for 124.8 thou students, of which female students represented 59.0%. Most of the tertiary education degree graduates came mainly from business, administration and law faculties (26.7%), engineering, processing and construction (18.6%), respectively health and social assistance (11.2%).

Regarding the dropout rate, in the 2018/2019 school year the following values were registered: 1.6% in primary education, 1.7% in lower-secondary education and 2.6% in high school and vocational education. In 2017 , financial resources needed to carry out the education process and allotted for the functioning of the school units within the national education system were provided mostly (98.0%) from public funds (from the state budget and the local budgets) and also from other sources of the educational institutions (2.0%).

By type of public and private institutions’ expenses, the greatest share of the total education-related expenses was held by current expenses (95.1%), followed by capital expenses (4.9%)



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